DeepPrime XD - is there a type of image it is most useful for?

I have a full Adobe RGB calibrated 24inch monitor and I fail to see any change. Its not the processing, hardly any difference on my desk PC its just is it worth it?

Processing images in different ways will always produce different results. If we can’t see the differences though, we can ask ourselves what needs to be done for “good enough” results as viewed under “normal” conditions. If viewing conditions change, “good enough” will change.

We don’t need DeepPRIME XD for a portrait that gets glued into a passport. :grin:


There isn’t a huge difference in DeepPrime and DeepPrime XD for average images in my opinion. But, I can see an improvement using XD in high iso macro photography. There is definitely an improvement in detail on 1:1 macro images I have shot. The fine details in such images are more apparent than in a landscape for example. I also can see an improvement in very high iso up close portraits. But I normally would have some sort of artificial/additional light source (flash etc) and not have a need for very high iso.
At lower iso, for example iso 3200 and below, I can’t see a lot of improvement, but that is partly because normal DeepPrime is so freaking good in the first place.
In some special cases, it is worth the price of the upgrade on its own. In other cases…DeepPrime will do the job with a perfectly fine result and you will never miss XD.

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One of the more obvious differences I’ve seen is smoothness of bokeh. DeepPRIME can leave a fair bit of noise/grain in out-of-focus areas. DeepPRIME XD improves this part of an image and overall detail rendering to the point that I don’t need to incorporate Topaz AI software into my workflow as much.


I used it on a couple of images of birds of prey in flight taken at 3-5,000 ISO using a Sigma 150-600 C handheld to test it and found it did a very good job of sharpening and noise reduction

Not had chance to test it on night/dusk shooting yet


I just had checked for DeepPrime XD’s development times

The pic from my Nikon D750 was taken at 12.800 ISO when photographing musicans in a dark club w/ mediocre stage lighting. – As @Egregius said, DP XD smooths the out-of-focus parts. That is, when your focus is perfect on the subject you almost get a kind of 3D effect – well, you don’t really but it seems as if the unsharp part is even further away / more out-of-focus → checked at 100% … which means, DP XD can help w/ really high ISO’s and / or heavy crop.

The second pic was taken by another user w/ ILCE-1 at 200 ISO – so definitely no noise! But wait – he had taken an animal with a long lens in good light and the fur was really sharp. Again at 100%, the sharp hairs had gotten just a touch of local contrast and seemed to stand in front of the bokeh parts.

(used DP XD at standard settings – didn’t play around)

I think, DeepPrime XD is a specialized tool and can be quite useful. But if it’s a ‘must’? – Check yourself.

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Does anyone know if DP or DP XD also improve dynamic range?

Both tools are meant for noise reduction and do not change the dynamic range of your RAW files.
They can make shadows look cleaner though, which allows for brightening them a bit more…which actually reduces the dynamic range, depending on how the shadows are raised.

I’ve seen mention (on this forum) that DP-XD does a better job when working on a tight crop … such as bird photographers might make.

Perhaps that’s why there’s not much apparent difference when comparing DP vs DP-XD on the same un-cropped image … Tho, as I’ve also seen reported, there can be significant differences on certain images (even when not cropped).

Sounds like it’s a “suck it and see” workflow.

John M

I believe I was one of the first, if not the first person to suggest that. DeepPRIME XD is great on cropped images. I suspect that those who fail to see a noticeable difference between DeepPRIME and DeepPRIME XD will be surprised by fine detail it reveals on cropped images. And… as an added benefit, the very resource hungry DeepPRIME XD will process significantly faster on a heavily cropped image than on the original.


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My so far limited experience shows that it tends to do badly with smooth areas of colour that have high noise. In these cases it tends to introduce artefacts that DeepPRIME does not. On the other hand, it definitely increases the detail level in busier areas of the same images.

As such, my rule for now will be to use DeepPRIME for any such image and consider XD for others. While pictures like the forest above do not give XD a chance to create those artefacts, I also don’t think it needs XD because it’s not like the goal is to be able to see every leaf. If it were zoomed in significantly on the leaf litter or some trunks, then I think it would be worthwhile.

Ran a few more tests and found that XD is a waste of time under the following conditions

  • Output is JPEG with quality set below 90%
  • Output is JPEG and viewed at 100% and normal viewing distance

XD can produce improved detail and less noise on certain images, but the cases are rare with my test set of images.

For my kind of gear and photography (including somewhat sloppy technique) I can do without XD.

Processing performance on my Mac: 4.5 MB/s with DeepPRIME, 0.88MB/s with XD :face_with_hand_over_mouth:


As you point out, it really depends on the images captured. However, in my experience when zoomed in significantly enough DP XD will almost always display a greater amount of fine detail than DP. But, when viewing at normal zoom levels this additional fine detail is often not obvious or significant. That is why I have been suggesting for quite some time that DP XD may have it greatest value when editing heavily cropped images.



I have similar experience. One indoor picture of a wood ceiling was ruined by DeepPRIME-XP wanting to add lots of structure that wasn’t there. It had perhaps “learnt” that wood should have bark on it.

I hope there is a mechanism for updating the AI model rather than incrementing the product version and charging for an upgrade. Topaz does this.

DeepPRIME-XD looks immature to me adding extraneous distractions (XD) instead of appropriate sharpening; at least in the ISO 6400 test images I used. I’ll watch out for updates during my 30 day trial, but at this point I’m going to pass on this version, there being nothing new other than noise reduction/sharpening that interests me.

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It also adds JPEG-like artefacts into dark skies.

I’ve run some tests of my own on 5 typical images for myself. The photos were taken at a black tie function, and were a mixture of head and shoulder pictures of people in the crowd socialising, and wide photos of the event space.

These images were all captured using the available light in the room (very little) and were shot at 6400 iso and either f2.8 (24-70 Nikon S) f1.8 (85mm Nikon S), or Sigma 70-200 f2.8, Z6ii camera body. All images were captured with the aperture wide open due to the low light.

Processing was done using a Mac Mini M1 with 8Gb memory.

PL5 DeepPrime processing time for the 5 images - 30s
PL6 DeepPrime processing time for the 5 images - 29s
PL6 DeepPrime XD processing time for the 5 images - 58s

I repeated the exports twice and got very similar times each attempt (I didn’t bother to average them, I have listed the fastest for each).

Now the crux, when viewing the whole image full screen on a 27" 4k calibrated BenQ monitor I really couldn’t make any difference out between the DPo and DPxd images.

I had to zoom in to 100% to make any difference out.

Hair was very slightly sharper, and some of the out of focus areas on images shot with the 85mm and 70-200mm lenses were smoother and had a tiny bit less noise. But it really was marginal and I had to go searching for differences.

For the wide room shots taken with the 24-70 lens I could not make any difference out in fine detail nor out of focus areas.

For my limited test I didn’t have any unwanted extra artifacts adding in to the images when using XD.

So for me, considering the doubling of processing time, I shall be giving DeepPrime XD a pass for now. I simply don’t feel myself nor my clients will benefit from it.

I shall continue to be interested in other peoples experiences of it though, and maybe your insights will lead me to finding a beneficial use for it at some point.


You have taken the correct approach. You have decided what is the best overall for your workflow/needs. DeepPrime XD is simply an additional tool that you have available if and when you need it.

Just because you have a 10 pound sledgehammer, that doesn’t mean that you need to use it to crack an egg.

If I were shooting events where I was delivering files online or even small prints, DP XD probably would not be part of my workflow simply because of the time used in processing.

Each person has to make their own decision on which tools are the best to use for the given job/situation.


Hi @CHPhoto … In case you missed it, just referring you back to here;

This confirms your findings - but provides a tip for circumstance where you might find DP-XD to be useful.

John M


I don’t do things “logically”, a lot of what I do is based on my “gut feeling”. Within half an hour of seeing PL6 was available, I had purchased and installed it. I’m using it with no changes, selecting the. “advanced” workspace. For as long as I can remember, I always select the best noise reduction PhotoLab provides, and ever since I downloaded the new version, I have used DeepPRIME XD. I’ve been more than pleased with the results.

As a test, based on the fellows on the “Red Dot Forum Videos”, I took a photo of a cruise ship last night as the sky was darkening. I left the ISO at 5,000 (they said I can even get good results at 10,000). I was rather amazed the finished photo looked as good as it did.

L1004413 | 2022-10-13.dng (29.9 MB)
L1004413 | 2022-10-13.dng.dop (14.9 KB)

There is probably a lot more I can do to improve the image, but this was just a test to see if ISO 5000 was as useable as the fellows in the Leica Forum said it was. (It’s from a Leica M10, with a 135mm Tele Elmar, and a lot of cropping.)

I know the processing time is longer, but for my purposes, that doesn’t bother me - and if I’m ever in a hurry, I can use the previous DeepPRIME instead. In retrospect, I should have tried with my 300mm Nikon lens on my new D780; maybe I can do that tonight.

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